In Ukraine, there are two modes of work-based learning (WBL):(i) traineeship/in-company pregraduation internship/work placement carried out as part of school-based education; and (ii) dual education. However, the main current understanding of WBL is dual education.
In September 2018, the government approved the concept paper on training of experts based on dual education, which states that dual education shall combine vocational education in a vocational education and training (VET) institution with a work placement in companies, institutions and organisations for the acquisition of certain qualifications, as a rule, based on a training contract with the company. Within dual education, in 2015 a pilot project was launched for three VET institutions.
Considering the efficiency of the project, it has been expanded. Elements of dual education were introduced in 46 VET institutions in 2017, in 198 VET institutions in 2018, and in 345 VET institutions in 2019. The introduction of elements of dual education in VET institutions has changed the ratio of learning time so that it is now split with 30% theoretical learning and 70% practical learning.
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