The study by the European Training Fund (ETF) investigates changing patterns of work triggered by digitalisation in the six Eastern Partnership countries. It aims in particular to fill the knowledge gaps on emerging platform work in the region, both web-based and on-location.
While Ukraine and, to a lesser extent, Belarus had already been globally recognised as being among the European leaders in highly qualified platform labour, the ETF findings also indicate a relatively high prevalence of platform work among Armenian freelancers. In Georgia, Azerbaijan and Moldova these forms of employment are still emerging. New business models driven by innovation have the potential to contribute to competitiveness and employment growth, including through new entrepreneurial activities.
The emergence and growing popularity of remote and freelance work is likely to be linked to its flexibility and job creation features in the context of underperforming labour markets. It also enables individuals to offer their services to international clients and provide new sources of income.
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