Greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) in Moldova increased by 53% to 10 million tons CO2-EQ per year between 2000 and 2020 but are still lower than in the 1990 reference year, when they collapsed because of the economic crisis caused by the breakup of the Soviet Union.
At the same time, the country’s energy intensity hqs dropped in 20 years by 40.6% to 18.32 GJ/$1,000 in 2015, and GHG emissions intensity by 29.3%, to 1180 kg CO2//$1,000 in 2015. However, the intensity of greenhouse gas emissions in Moldova remains one of the highest in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe.
These are some of the conclusions of the study on the integration of climate change in energy policies, developed by the EU4Climate project, funded by the European Union and implemented by UNDP.
A set of multi-level recommendations by EU4Climate experts were developed, aimed at improving the legislation, the integration of climate indicators into the strategic planning of the energy sector, strengthening of institutional capacities, policy planning capacities among local public authorities and the role of international organisations and financial institutions for climate change integration in energy policies, technology transfer and green market development.
At the same time, a Guide for the consolidation of climate planning and energy planning processes (in Romanian) was developed by EU4Climate experts. It proposes, among others, the definition, implementation and communication of a long-term strategic vision to support policy coherence in climate and energy areas that will survive planning cycles, ensuring policy coordination and support for climate change priorities.
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